Supply Chain Management

Supply Chain Management

As defined by the supply chain economy, firms sell products (and occasionally services) to other businesses, industries, and the government. The supply chain is frequently misunderstood to mean exclusively to the manufacturing process; however, the supply chain comprises the movement of goods and services from raw materials to work-in-progress to finished goods and, eventually, to end users.

Logistics is a term that refers to the effective movement of commodities to ensure they reach at the correct location and time. Packaging, numerous routes of transportation, distribution, warehousing, and delivery are all examples of logistics.

Supply chain is a broader phrase that encompasses the activities of sourcing materials, procuring items, and coordinating the movement of materials and things in process. Additionally, it may involve the outsourcing of portions of the production, sales, or supply chain activities. For instance, an automaker may outsource transmission manufacture, a computer corporation may purchase core processors from a supplier, and many businesses may outsource marketing and advertising, all of which are considered part of the supply chain.

Supply chain management and logistics help businesses remain competitive and ensure that the appropriate goods are delivered on time and at the right price.

Supply Chain Management Career Opportunities

A bachelor’s degree in business administration with a supply chain management concentration may lead to employment as a logistics analyst, transportation manager, purchasing manager, supply chain manager, logistics manager, or logistician.

The following job titles benefit from supply chain management and logistics knowledge and competence.

Logistician

Logisticians, as the name implies, are experts who specialise in logistics. They may hold titles such as logistics director, operations manager, production manager or planner, programme manager, supply chain manager, or even logistician.

Logisticians may be employed in the following positions:

  • Military and defence
  • Engineering
  • Development of information technology and software
  • Engineering and design of infrastructure
  • Transportation and distribution

A logistician is a logistics practitioner—someone who collects and analyses data in order to organise a company’s logistics—and they may even be responsible for a product’s whole lifespan.

Manager of Transportation
Transportation managers are responsible for planning and supervising transportation operations. They may work for a multibillion-dollar enterprise such as Amazon or a transportation company such as Ryder. Additionally, they work for logistics and trucking firms. Transportation managers are almost often employed by businesses or organisations that rely on cars to transfer commodities or deliver products.

Transportation management can also be performed by individuals in positions comparable to transportation managers, such as operations management, fleet management, freight management, or traffic management.

Transportation managers may be employed in the following positions:

Transportation departments
Farming
Provisioning and food services
Products relating to health and wellness
Manufacturing
Retail \sTravel
Managers of Purchasing
Purchasing managers, sometimes called procurement managers, oversee the activities of an organization’s purchasing of materials, products, and services. They are skilled at cultivating supplier connections and negotiating contracts.

Additionally, they may function as material directors or managers.

Purchasing managers may be employed in:

Food and beverage companies
Government agencies and contractors
Health care facilities, hospitals, and medical supply and pharmaceutical companies
Homebuilding Hospitality, including hotels, travel organizations, and casinos
Manufacturing
Retail Supply Chain Manager
Supply chain managers typically do what purchasing and procurement managers do: working with external suppliers to buy parts and raw materials. It’s not unusual to see a supply chain job description or title paired with a related title such as project manager, operations manager, logistics manager, or purchasing manager.

In addition to purchasing and procurement, supply chain managers analyze processes and data to improve quality and efficiencies throughout the entire supply chain—from procurement of raw materials to shipment of finished goods.

Supply chain managers typically work for larger organizations and may be employed in:

Automotive companies
Computer and electronics manufacturing
Consumer goods
Food and beverage companies
Government, military, and government contractors
Materials suppliers (chemicals, adhesives, plastics, glass, metals, etc.)
Pharmaceuticals and health products
Utility companies, such as for energy and solar

Logistics Manager
Logistics is concerned with the storage and movement of goods and all the people, vehicles, processes, and schedules that govern it. In small to medium-size organizations, logistics managers might also be responsible for supply chain and operations management. In larger organizations, they would likely oversee only logistics and would work alongside dedicated supply chain and operations managers.

Logistics managers can also work for logistics companies that coordinate warehousing and transportation. These companies don’t make anything or provide raw materials, and they don’t actually own or operate vehicles. Manufacturers contract with them to coordinate and schedule warehousing and transportation with companies that offer those services.

You’ll also find logistics managers working for:

Food and beverage companies
Home builders
Manufacturers
Retailers
Transportation companies

Logistics Analysts
Logistics analysts analyze data from warehousing, product delivery, and supply chain processes and use that data to make decisions to improve logistics processes.

Logistics analysts work for larger organizations such as manufacturers of consumer goods. You might also see them working for logistics companies or specializing in areas such as customer logistics analysis for membership-based retailers, as well as companies that specialize in:

  • Automotive and automotive supplies
  • Computer and electronics engineering, design, and manufacturing
  • Food and beverage
  • Hospitality and travel
  • Manufacturing
  • Package delivery and shipping
  • Software and technology development

Making a choice

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