01 Dec Careers in Law
Law is classified into two broad categories: criminal and civil. However, you may be surprised to learn that each of those two groups contains numerous additional forms of law. If you intend to get a law degree and pass the bar exam in order to practise law, you must first settle on a practise area. Aspiring paralegals may also specialise in one or two fields.
The Advantages of a Legal Career
There are various perks to becoming a lawyer, and the field of law in which you practise may provide extra benefits. A legal career in and of itself opens numerous possibilities and enables you to assist others. In general, the following are some advantages to being a lawyer:
Opportunities to strengthen professional ties
Possibility of establishing your own business or practise
Numerous job paths and chances
Capacity to assist others
Criminal Procedure: Defense
Numerous criminal defence attorneys specialise in criminal law. Defense attorneys are responsible for defending their clients who have been charged with breaching one or more criminal statutes. A criminal defence attorney may do the following work activities on any given day:
Consult with a new client at the local jail to discuss his or her case
Argue for bail during a bail hearing
Pursue a plea deal (lenient sentencing or a reduction of charges in exchange for a guilty plea)
Prepare a case for trial that is currently pending.
Conduct legal research and drafting
Because criminal defence attorneys may be handling many cases concurrently, flexibility is critical. Additionally, they must be outstanding communicators, both written and verbal, with a strong memory recall.
Certain defence attorneys specialise in one or two areas of the law, such as juvenile defence or violent offences. Others specialise in a wide variety of crimes, ranging from DUI to domestic abuse to white-collar crime. Many defence attorneys specialise in private practise, while others serve as public defenders, representing those who cannot afford an attorney.
Prosecution in Criminal Law
If you enjoy the idea of working with criminal cases but are hesitant to represent someone who may be guilty of a crime, you may thrive as a prosecutor. Prosecutors, like public defenders, are civil servants. Rather than defending the accused, they seek conviction.
Prosecuting attorneys appear in criminal court on behalf of the local, state, or federal government. They perform similar duties to defence attorneys and may include the following:
Conducting interviews with witnesses and victims
Conducting an examination of police reports and evidence
Consultation with defence attorneys regarding plea bargains
Preparation for a criminal prosecution
Prosecutors, like defence attorneys, must have great communication skills. Additionally, they must be unwavering in their dedication to professional ethics and fairness.
Civil Law: Domestic Law
Family law, as the name implies, is concerned with the legal implications of familial relationships. Family lawyers may handle a variety of different types of cases and issues, including the following:
Agreements pre- and postnuptial
Support and custody of children
Support for the spouse
Additionally, some family lawyers handle issues involving juvenile delinquency and guardianship. These attorneys may conduct mediation sessions in order to resolve disputes amicably. Additionally, they prepare matters for courtroom litigation, always keeping their clients’ best interests in mind. Family lawyers assist clients during some of their most trying and stressful moments. As a result, these professionals must demonstrate sensitivity, compassion, and empathy while keeping a professional distance. Because family attorneys frequently deal with circumstances involving strong emotions, they must also be able to maintain a level mind and think clearly under duress.
Civil Law: Law of Personal Injuries
Personal injury law, like family law, is classified under civil law. Civil court systems adjudicate such cases. Personal injury attorneys defend persons who have been damaged as a result of another person’s negligence or malicious activities. They sue liable parties (defendants) on behalf of their clients in order to obtain damages or compensation (the plaintiffs). The following are some of the types of cases handled by personal injury attorneys:
Malpractice in medicine
Negligence in nursing homes
Sliding and falling
Accidents involving motor vehicles
Liability for defective products
Because personal injury attorneys work closely with people who have suffered catastrophic injuries, it is critical for them to exhibit understanding and compassion. Additionally, they must be skilled negotiators, as the majority of disputes are resolved outside of court through negotiated settlement agreements. When a matter does proceed to trial, personal injury attorneys must confidently convey their points to the jury.
Unlike many other types of lawyers, personal injury attorneys frequently do not bill by the hour. Rather than that, they are typically compensated on a contingency basis. This implies that if they lose a lawsuit, they receive no compensation for their efforts. However, when they successfully litigate a lawsuit or negotiate a settlement, they might earn a sizable fee deducted from the settlement or jury judgement.
Labor Law: Civil Law
Labor law encompasses a broad range of legal facets of employment, most notably the legal ties between employers and employees. A labour lawyer, often known as an employment lawyer, serves employers as well as current and former employees.
Labor attorneys that represent businesses often focus on assisting their clients in limiting responsibility in order to avoid lawsuits and violations of labour law. They may assist their clients in drafting employment contracts and rules.
Typically, labour lawyers who represent employees focus on defending their clients’ rights. For instance, they may work on discrimination, harassment, or wrongful termination issues. Employees may also consult with labour lawyers prior to signing employment contracts.
Civil Law: Business Law
Corporate law regulates how corporations and organisations conduct their operations and relationships. It entails rules governing the obligations and rights of those participating in the management or operation of a corporation. This type of law enables businesses to function more efficiently and with honesty. It fosters dependability and trust in human-to-human and business-to-business interactions.
Medical Malpractice: Civil Law
Medical malpractice happens when a healthcare worker or hospital physician acts negligently and injures a patient. To qualify as medical malpractice, a situation must meet one of several requirements, including negligence, a violation of the standard of care, or the infliction of severe injury. Additional instances of medical misconduct that may result in a lawsuit include the following:
Diagnosis failure or misdiagnosis
Laboratory results that are misread or ignored
Surgical blunders or surgery performed in the incorrect location
Inappropriate medication or dose
Inadequate follow-up or aftercare
Medical misconduct can cause physical, emotional, and even mental harm to patients. The financial consequences of the damage can be severe. Doctors who are found to be liable may face termination; however, it is typically up to the jury to determine the repercussions of finding a doctor guilty.
Making a choice
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